Scientific Knowledge in the Quran was known prior to Islam
The scientific knowledge that is contained in the Quran has the following origins:
- The Hindu scriptures which existed thousands of years before the Quran was transmitted.
- The Greek and Egyptian writings which existed hundreds of years before the Quran.
- The Christian and Jewish scriptures which existed before the Quran.
- General observation by those who lived in the desert.
The compiler of the Quran basically took the existing knowledge and placed it in the Quran. The followers claim this as a divine revelation from God.
The scientific approach is the truth approach. The ability to doubt, question everything, do comparisons with other theories, and seek proof is the scientific approach. Accepting something when it’s not the fact is denial of the truth. The true God is only for the truth.
- Embryo creation in the Quran
|The Quran, Surah 23 verses 13-14:|
“Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nutfah (mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge and lodged it) in a safe lodging (womb of the woman).
Then We made the Nutfah into a clot (Alaqa , a piece of thick coagulated blood),
then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh (Mudghah),
then We made out of that little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the Best of Creators!”
The below is what the Greek Physician Galen (AD 129-199) wrote on embryology, more than 400 years prior to the Quran being transmitted.
“But let us take the account back again to the first conformation of the animal, and in order to make our account orderly and clear, let us divide the creation of the fetus overall into four periods of time.
The first is that in which, as is seen both in abortions and in dissection, the form of the semen prevails (Arabic Nutfah). At this time, Hippocrates too, the all-marvelous, does not yet call the conformation of the animal a fetus; as we heard just now in the case of semen voided in the sixth day, he still calls it semen.
But when it has been filled with blood (Arabic Alaqa), and heart, brain and liver are still unarticulated and unshaped yet have by now a certain solidarity and considerable size, this is the second period; the substance of the fetus has the form of flesh and no longer the form of semen. Accordingly, you would find that Hippocrates too no longer calls such a form semen but, as was said, fetus.
The third period follows on this, when, as was said, it is possible to see the three ruling parts clearly and a kind of outline, a silhouette, as it were, of all the other parts (Arabic Mudghah). You will see the conformation of the three ruling parts more clearly, that of the parts of the stomach more dimly, and much more still, that of the limbs. Later on they form “twigs”, as Hippocrates expressed it, indicating by the term their similarity to branches.
The fourth and final period is at the stage when all the parts in the limbs have been differentiated; and at this part Hippocrates the marvelous no longer calls the fetus an embryo only, but already a child, too when he says that it jerks and moves as an animal now fully formed (Arabic `
A new creation’).”
It can clearly be seen that the statements in this Quranic verse originate from the account of the Greek Physician Galen. The credit should be given to the Greeks and not the Quran. The compiler of the Quran simply quoted the knowledge that was already existing for more than 400 years before Islam and the Quran.
There are many errors in the embryology knowledge in the Quran, which originates from the Greeks and accepted by the Muslims as divine knowledge from Allah. One can visit medical sites on the web and confirm all the below.
- The most important part of embryology knowledge is the role of the female egg and fertilization. This is completely missing in the Quranic embryology.
- The Quran mentions that the mixed drops of the male and female sexual discharge are first lodged in the womb and then the development starts. This is incorrect. The egg is first fertilized by the sperm and then it starts multiplying fast and then it leaves the fallopian tube and enters the uterus where it attaches and develops into an embryo. Then the full development of body occurs.
- The female discharge of egg occurs even without sex. There is no mention of this.
- Not every male discharge (of sperm) will result in pregnancy. There is no mention of this.
- The male and female discharge does not develop into an embryo. The sperm from the male fertilizes the egg from the female and then the fertilized egg (zygote) multiplies and develops into an embryo.
- The male and female discharge does not mix with the blood nor does it form into a clot.
- The bones are not first created.
The Origin of the Embryology Knowledge in the Quran
In AD 555, a medical school was founded by Anusharwan in Jundishapur, which is now southern Iran. This school combined Greek, Indian, and Iranian medical knowledge. According to Muslim medical historians, including ibn Abi Usaybia and al-Qifti, one early graduate of Jundishapur medical school was a doctor named al Harith ibn Kalada. He became a companion of the Prophet Muhammad who sought medical advice from him. Thus, the knowledge which originates from the Greek Physician Galen and others, influenced the Prophet who declared it as a revelation from Allah and put it in the Quran.
- Living beings created from water?
|The Quran, Surah 21 verse 30:|
“We made every living thing of water…”
A Greek known as Thales of Miletus (624 BC – 546 BC) stated the below more than 1100 years before the Quran was transmitted:
“The originating principle of nature was a single material substance: water.”
It is clear that the theory of life originating from water predates the Quran by more than 1100 years. The compiler of the Quran took the knowledge from the Greeks and placed it in the Quran. The Muslims consider this as divine knowledge from Allah.
The Quran also makes contradictory statements. The above verse clearly states every living being is made from water, but in the below 2 verses, it clearly states man is made from clay.
“Behold! thy Lord said to the angels: “I am about to create man, from sounding clay from mud moulded into shape” (Quran 15:28)
“Behold, thy Lord said to the angels: “I am about to create man from clay” (Quran 17:61)
The bodies of living beings are not created from water nor clay. Water is present within the body but it’s not the building block of life. The bodies are created from cells which multiply to form tissues and bones in various formations depending on the species. God is the generating seed of all existences. If the living beings were created from water or clay, then why can’t the scientists create living bodies? There is plenty of water and clay in the world.
Without the seed-giving father (God), it’s impossible to create life.
- The Big Bang Theory in the Quran and the Earth and Universe were one piece?
|The Quran, Surah 21 verse 30:|
“The heavens and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them …”
According to an Egyptian creation myth, Geb (the god of earth) and Nut (the goddess of sky) angered the sun god Ra, because they were locked in a perpetual embrace. On the orders of Ra, they were separated by Shu (the god of air) who stood on Geb and lifted Nut high up above him. Creating the atmosphere by separating the sky from the earth.
The Quran will not mention the pagan gods and goddess. But one can clearly see that the statement in the Quran about Heaven (sky) and earth being one and then separated are from the Egyptian creation myth. The compiler of the Quran took the knowledge that was already existing, and placed it in the Quran.
The Quran is incorrect is saying ‘the heavens and earth were of one piece, then we parted them’.
The earth was never existing as one piece joined with the universe. It was created and it is within the universe and it will never part from the universe. Also, based on the scientists this physical earth planet that we are living on is around 4.5 billion years old, thus it never existed before 4.5 billion year ago. Some Muslims claim that Quran 21:30 supports the big bang theory but this verse is completely incorrect based on the facts. The scientists estimate that the big bang occurred 13.8 billion years ago, and this physical earth planet did not exist until 9.3 billion years after big bang. It makes no sense to think that the earth was one piece with the universe at creation and then it parted. Since there was no earth until 9.3 billion years after the big bang and the creation of the universe.
- Semen comes from the backbone and ribs?
|The Quran, Surah 86, verses 6-7:|
“He is created from a drop emitted- Proceeding from between the backbone and the ribs.”
More than a thousand years before the Quran, the Greek physician Hippocrates (370 BC – 460 BC) stated that semen comes from all the fluid in the body, diffusing from the brain, ribs, and back bone.
The above is incorrect based on modern scientific knowledge. The compiler of the Quran basically took the knowledge that was known at the time and put it in the Quran. He did not consider whether it was correct or not.
The semen does not come from the backbone and the ribs. The sperms are produced in the testicles (balls) of males and the semen is formed in the prostate glands.
- Man created from semen without female egg and fertilization?
|The Quran, Surah 16, verse 4:|
“He has created man from a sperm-drop; and behold this same (man) becomes an open disputer!”
|Bible and general observation:|
“he spilled his semen on the ground to keep from providing offspring…” (Genesis 38:9)
The knowledge that man is created from semen was documented in the Bible hundreds of years before the prophet of Islam and the Quran. This is also a general observation by anyone.
This Quranic verse statement on creation of man is incomplete and was known long before the Quran. It does not mention the role of the female egg and fertilization. It is the female egg which is within the female that is fertilized by a sperm within the sperm-drop (semen) which develops into a human being. Not the sperm itself. Without the female egg and fertilization, there can be no creation of man. Not every release of the sperm-drop (semen) will result in pregnancy or creation of man. This verse is simply a direct observation of what is released from a male in the human and animal species. The Quran mentions only humans, but the males in every species can and know that they need to release (impregnate) a fluid (semen) into a female to reproduce.
- Gender of child is based on quantity of discharge from male and female?
|Sahih Muslim, Book 3, Hadith 38:|
“I have come to ask you about the child. He (the Holy Prophet) said: The reproductive substance of man is white and that of woman (i. e. ovum central portion) yellow, and when they have sexual intercourse and the male’s substance (chromosomes and genes) prevails upon the female’s substance (chromosomes and genes), it is the male child that is created by Allah’s Decree, and when the substance of the female prevails upon the substance contributed by the male, a female child is formed by the Decree of Allah. The Jew said: What you have said is true; verily you are an Apostle. He then returned and went away. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: He asked me about such and such things of which I have had no knowledge till Allah gave me that.”
More than a thousand years before the Quran, the Greek physician Hippocrates (370 BC – 460 BC) stated that the gender of the child will be based on the greater strength or quantity of fluid discharge from the male and female.
The above is incorrect based on modern scientific knowledge. The prophet of Islam basically states the same thing as above.
The gender of the child is not based on the strength or quantity of the male or female substance and the female substance that develops into a human being is an egg and only one egg is released at a time. So, it is incorrect to say the quantity or strength of female substance, because it’s just one egg that is released every 28 days.
The male sperm cells have either X or Y type chromosome. The female egg cells have only X type chromosome.
If the sperm that fertilizes an egg is X type then the child will be girl. If the sperm that fertilizes an egg is Y type then the child will be a boy. So regardless of the strength or quantity of sperms. The gender of the child is purely based on which sperm cell (X or Y type) first fertilizes an egg.
- Seven heavens above earth
“Have We not made seven strong heavens above you.”
The Hindu scripture called Srimad-Bhagavatam was written more than 5000 years ago and it mentions in many verses of 14 planetary systems in the universe. The earth is in the 7th system and there are 6 above the earth and 7 below. The 6 systems above are earth have heavenly planets and as the number increases, the planets in the system get more heavenly (strong heavens). The 7 below the earth are hellish planets and they get more hellish with lower number.
“My dear son Nārada, know from me that there are seven lower planetary systems out of the total fourteen.” (Srimad-Bhagavatam 2.5.40-41)
The concept of 7 strong heavens above the earth in the Quran originates from the Srimad-Bhagavatam. Although the Srimad-Bhagavatam mentions 6 above the earth, and the Quran mention 7. This is due to misquoting as the knowledge is passed from one person to the next. Even Hindus will easily misquote whether it’s 7 or 6 above the earth. It can’t be by chance that this Quranic verse is stating what was stated in the Srimad-Bhagavatam more than 5000 years ago and in many verses.
The scientists have not yet discovered the different planetary systems in the universe.
- The earth is flat?
|“Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out).” (Quran 20:53)|
“Have We not made the earth as a bed.” (Quran 78:6)
There are many other Quranic verses which very clearly state that the earth is flat. The Arabic word used in the Quran to describe the earth shape is ‘Mehad’, which means bed.
The earth is flat is a general observation by anyone who lived in the desert 1400 years back with limited education. Even today, some very ignorant people want to believe that the earth is flat. They will follow blindly and not follow the scientific approach of investigation.
The earth is spherical and not flat. One can get on a plane and prove this within a few days.
- The suns sets in murky water at night?
|“And they ask you about Dhul-Qarnain. Say: “I shall recite to you something of his story.” Verily, We established him in the earth, and We gave him the means of everything. So he followed a way. Until, when he reached the setting place of the sun, he found it setting in a spring of black muddy (or hot) water. And he found near it a people.” (Quran 18:83-86)|
The Prophet of Islam also confirms what the Quran states.
“Abu Dharr (one of Muhammad’s close companions) said: I was sitting behind the Apostle of Allah who was riding a donkey while the sun was setting. He asked: Do you know where this sets? I replied: Allah and his Apostle know best. He said: It sets in a spring of warm water.” (Sunan Abi Dawud 4002)
The sun sets in murky water at night is a general observation made by those who lived in the desert, 1400 years back with limited education. Even today, some people who live in secluded places and have no proper education, will assume the same.
The sun does not set into anything. Due to the positioning of the earth due to the movement of the sun and earth, there is day and night. If more than 400 billion nuclear weapons were to be set off at the same time, this is the amount of heat that the sun generates in 1 second. It’s impossible for any people to be near it, not even within millions of miles from the sun. The sun is 93 million miles from earth and not at the end of the earth.
- Humans have existed for only 6,000 years and we all originate from one couple?
|Based on the Quran, and Hadiths. Adam and Eve were the first humans created by God. They lived about 6,000 years ago and we all originate from them. This same theory is also supported by the Bible and accepted by many Christians.|
“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women.” (Quran 4:1)
Based on the Islamic tree of prophets. Noah existed between 4900 and 5900 years ago. Before Noah was Enoch and before him was Adam, the first human.
The people who live in the desert, would have a very poor fund of knowledge and thus they will base everything on their own limited perception. Those who have no scientific reasoning of investigation, will accept blindly what they can perceive and what others before them perceived blindly. Man cannot imagine anything beyond a few thousand years and thus they will think everything started a few thousand years ago.
Even the scientists have a similar mentality of basing theories on their own perception. It’s only due to investigation that the scientists find the truth.
Investigation or scientific approach means: Ability to doubt, question everything, do comparisons with other theories, and seek proof.
Based on genetic science, it’s impossible for the population of humans in the world today to originate from one couple. Humans beings have existed for millions of years and not just 6,000 years. The bones of humans dating back to millions of years can be seen in museums around the world.
- The knowledge in the Quran was known hundreds of years before the Quran and the Prophet of Islam.
- The scientific knowledge in the Quran is incorrect based on modern scientific knowledge.
- There are contradictions in the Quran.
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